Between the ninth and seventh centuries before Christ lived in Verucchio evolved a people, it is of Etruscan origin, which has left a legacy of art and culture incredibly refined. This is called Villanovian, after numerous excavations, we now know through rare fabrics, wooden objects, bronzes, ceramics, precious gold and amber, weapons and tools of everyday life. Practically only the great throne inlaid wood that was found. All these finds are in the Archaeological Museum housed in a former monastery: the quality of the exhibits and the setting make it a museum of international renown. After the splendours of the Villanovian civilisation, other splendours came to Verucchio in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, under the Malatestas. Verucchio is traditionally known as the “cradle of the Malatestas”, suggesting the privileged links between the House of Malatesta and the town of Verucchio. The Malatestas ruled here for three centuries, strengthening its defences and enriching it with civic and religious works. The old town centre is still visibly mediaeval in layout, and there are many monuments to admire from this and later periods, signs of a rich history which today attracts many visitors.