Santarcangelo developed in Roman times. Historians say that the first settlement took place after the formation of the near Rimini, around 268 BC. His campaigns were marked by the work of land division in the Rimini area. The construction of the great Via Emilia, which now runs through the city, already favored in those days the trade and the increase in population. The heart of the old village is perched on a gentle hill called Colle Giover; here today is well recognized the typical structure of a medieval fortified town. The Middle Ages left an indelible mark on the upper part of the town, dominated by the fortress, a strategic defence bastion rising from the surrounding plain.